When it comes to the Moon, there is always a dose of mystery.
She has always fascinated all the civilizations of the Globe and thus over time a series of legends, superstitions, and beliefs have been gathered. It is said that if the Moon had not existed, life on our planet would have had a different direction.
Imagine our world ravaged by hurricane-force winds, with temperatures ranging from sweltering heat to freezing. Imagine that the day lasted only six hours, in a world where only primitive life forms could evolve. This could have been our planet if the Moon had not existed… Could it?
But we are not the only ones with a satellite. There are at least 135 satellites in our solar system. Saturn has the most, 46, and at least 10 mysterious bodies orbiting around the Earth. Five are asteroids, temporarily held by the gravitational field, and four are probably remnants of the Apollo 13 rocket. The tenth and largest is the Moon. What is so special and mysterious about the Moon?
The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth and the fifth largest in the Solar System. It is, at the same time, the largest natural satellite of a planet in the Solar System compared to the sizes between it and the planet Earth. The Moon is the second densest satellite after Io, one of Jupiter’s satellites. In its synchronous rotation around the Earth, the Moon presents the same face, with small changes. Maximum distance to Earth: 406,720 kilometers; minimum distance to Earth: 336,375 kilometers; average distance to Earth: 384,400 kilometers; average diameter: 3476 kilometers; surface temperature: variable from 117 degrees C (in the middle of the day) to -173 degrees C (in the middle of the night). Atmosphere: non-existent.
The version accepted by most scientists regarding the origin of the Moon is that the Earth, just formed, would have collided with another body, almost the size of Mars. It is considered that our planet was not hit frontally but tangentially, being, as one would say, only “scalped”.
The remnants torn from the Earth would have spread in the form of a ring around the Earth, before agglomerating, giving birth to the Moon. But this is just a theory and although it seems logical at first sight, there are certain voices among scientists who claim that certain characteristics of the Moon do not match this presumption.
Moon — Space station
In 1970, Mikhail Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, two Russian researchers from the Soviet Academy of Sciences proposed the theory of the Moon as an alien ship. The two assumed that the Moon was a giant alien ship that had been covered with a rock to look like a natural satellite. The aliens, having new superior technology, were able to disguise their ship as a celestial body and launched it into orbit.
They postulated that the moon comprises an outer rocky layer several kilometers thick covering a hard crust, probably 45 km thick, and beneath which there is a vacuum, possibly containing an atmosphere. In 1975, Donald Wilson published “Our Mysterious Spaceship Moon” in which he brought evidence in support of this theory. In 1976, George H. Leonard published “Someone is on the Moon”, in which he reprinted several NASA photographs of the lunar surface supporting the above theory.
Whether those mentioned above were right or not, let’s see some of the mysteries surrounding this natural or artificial satellite of the Earth.
1. The moon is too big
Christopher Knight and Alan Butler explain in their book “Who Built the Moon?” that our satellite is bigger than it should be, apparently older than it should be, and much lighter in mass than it should be and the orbit is not suitable for a body of such size. Isaac Asimov, a Russian professor of biochemistry and writer of science popularization books, stated that “The moon, which has neither atmosphere nor a magnetic field, is a freak of nature.
Being larger than the planet Pluto, some scientists even called it a twin planetary system. In general, when a planet has satellites around them, they are much smaller than the planet itself. Therefore, the Earth should have a satellite no bigger, or around 100 kilometers… But it is not like that.” Looking around at the other planets and their satellites and correlating everything we know about cosmography and cosmic laws, the Moon should not exist in Earth’s orbit.
2. The age of the Moon
When the first landings took place, several rocks from the Moon were brought to Earth. Between 1969 and 1972, six Apollo missions brought back to Earth 382 kg of lunar rocks, samples, pebbles, sand, and dust from the surface to the Moon. The rock brought by Neil Armstrong is 4.6 billion years old. That’s how old our scientists estimated the age of the Earth and the entire solar system. But at the conference on the results of the Apollo missions, held in 1974, NASA scientists communicated the bringing to Earth of some 5.3 billion-year-old rocks. 700 million years older than our solar system!
3. The moon is empty
There are countless indications that the Moon is hollow. Here are some of the scientific studies that show that the Moon appears to be hollow inside:
– The Apollo 12 mission installed seismographs and then intentionally crashed the lunar module causing an impact equivalent to one ton of TNT. The waves rumbled for eight minutes and at the end, Maurice Ewing, a co-director of the seismic experiment, said at a press conference “it rang like a bell”. The same happened in the case of Apollo 13 when one of the stages of the rocket produced vibrations for three hours.
– A team from the University of Arizona stated that they believed that the Moon has a core, but that it is small. Lon Hood, team leader, said: “We knew the Moon’s core was small, but we didn’t know it was this small… This adds weight to the idea that the Moon’s origin is unique, unlike any other terrestrial body — Earth, Venus, Mars, or Mercury “Yes, it’s artificial.”
– Dr. Gordon McDonald, principal researcher at NASA, shows in an article published in the magazine “Astronautics” from the July 1962 issue, that analyzing the data regarding the observed difference between the real movements of the Moon in orbit, and the calculated movements, can conclude that the Earth’s natural satellite is rather hollow inside.
– In his book entitled “Our Moon”, the British astronomer Dr. H. P. Wilkins declares: “All the data converge towards the hypothesis that beyond the depth of 30–50 km the Moon presents, more or less, free spaces — large cavities, sublunar tunnels, cracks — connected to the surface by fissures… The approximate volume of these voids is probably 36 million cubic km.”
– Dr. Harold Urey believes that under the crust of the Moon there are areas with lower density, possibly voids; and Dr. Sean O. Solomon, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, stated that from the results obtained from the various research carried out within the Apollo program, the possibility emerged that the Moon is empty inside.
4. The magnetic field
The moon does not have a magnetic field and yet many lunar rocks are magnetized. They are phenomena known as “mascons” (concentrations of mass), which are large circular areas of unusually high density and greater gravitational pull. . These are found in the plains on the Moon known as “Maria”, which were once thought to be large.
About a third of the surface of the Moon that we see from Earth is made up of these “Maria”, while there are few on the “dark side”, and no one can explain why the two sides are so different. The moon is also suspected of having multiple magnetic fields. From the data obtained from the Prospector lunar satellite, it emerged that the strongest concentrations of lunar magnetic anomalies are located on the opposite side of the largest craters. However, in the absence of a global magnetic field (the magnetosphere), no one can determine how this could happen.
5. Lunar earthquakes
It is known that the Apollo missions installed seismographs on the Moon, however, there is great silence from NASA regarding the data received from these devices. Hundreds of moonquakes are recorded annually. Officially, most of them are attributed to meteorites hitting the neighboring star; others, called thermal earthquakes, are due, according to NASA, to the expansion of the crust when the first rays of the sun appear after two weeks of darkness.
In November 1958, Russian astronomer Nikolay Kozyrev from the Crimean observatory photographed a gas eruption near the Alphonsus crater along with a reddish glow that lasted for about an hour. In 1963, astronomers from the Lowell observatory observed on the night of October 29, two bright red spots of light, north of the Herodotus crater; on the night of November 27, the two red spots reappeared on the southern rim of the Aristarchus crater.
In June 1965, a beam of sparkling white light was observed emanating from Aristarchus Crater, which was then in the obscurity zone. Knowing that the Moon has no volcanic activity, these phenomena are not natural.
6. Lunar craters
Why are lunar craters so wide and shallow? The lunar craters produced by falling meteorites are also strange — very large, and so shallow relative to their surface! As if the meteorites encountered, on their way through the crust of the Moon, a very hard crust.
According to the theory of the two Soviet academics, M. Vasin and A. Scerbakov, this is because the meteorites stop in the “armored shell” with which the unknowing builders reinforced the Moon, 20–40 km below the crust.
The huge lunar cirques, far from being old painfully open volcanic craters on the surface of Selena, are in reality the places where those who arranged the interior of the Moon pumped out rocks and liquefied metals to produce the necessary internal voids and shield the surface of the incredible interstellar, intergalactic ships. In the cirque area, the gravitational gradient is higher; the two Soviet scientists believe that the fact is due to the equipment, fuel, and materials of all kinds under the crust, in the voids created.
The high percentage of metals contained in lunar rocks and considered “strange” by Soviet and American scientists, would be due to the use of metals to strengthen the resistance of the lunar crust to impact with meteorites — during its long space journey.
At the beginning of mankind, the Moon did not exist at all
It seems that in the history of mankind there was a period when there was no Moon in the sky! This is specified by the ancient writers Democritus and Anaxagoras. Aristotle writes that the area of Arcadia (Greece) before it was inhabited by the Greeks, was populated by the Pelasgians, who occupied these territories before the Moon existed in the sky! For this reason, the Pelasgians were also called “pro-Selenes”, meaning “before the Moon”.
Apollonius of Rhodes writes that there was a time when “not all the heavenly bodies were in the sky before the races of Danai and Deukalion existed when only the Arcadians lived before the Moon existed in the sky”. Plutarch also states in the work “Roman Questions” the following: “We were talking about the Arcadians, the so-called pre-lunar people”.
Likewise, the poet Ovid also wrote that “the Arcadians possessed their lands before the birth of Jupiter because the nation is older than the Moon.” Hippolytus also states that “Arcadia is much older than the Moon”. And Lucian tells us in his Astrology that “the Arcadians are older than the Moon”. We can also mention Censorinus who also states that “in the past, there was no Moon in the sky”.
Comparing four ritual calendars — Egyptian, Assyrian, Indian and Mayan, the Romanian man of culture Victor Kernbach demonstrates that the starting point of these chronological systems is common, being around 11,500 BC. and, far from being chosen arbitrarily, it marks not “a proper chronological beginning, but the era of the great catastrophes in our solar system known under the generic term of the flood”.
A probable cause of these catastrophes could be precisely the capture of the Moon by the Earth, or rather the arrival of the Moon around the Earth, with all the consequences and changes on a cosmic and planetary scale that the installation of such a neighbor nearby implies. Including the occurrence of very strong flow-reflux movements, both on the surface of our planet (ocean tidal waves) and inside it (magmatic tidal waves), phenomena felt through floods, volcanic eruptions, and catastrophic seismic movements.
One of the consequences: was the sinking of Atlantis. Plato places the disappearance of the huge Atlantic island 10,000–12,000 years before his era. Another possible consequence of the capture of our satellite — in fact, the adoption of the Earth by the Moon, say some scientists — is the abandonment of the Venusian calendar — the brightest star in the night sky before the appearance of Selena — and its natural replacement with the lunar one.
These facts discovered over time are the most important aspects that shroud the Moon in an incredible mystery. Probably in the distant future, we will find out what the truth is about the “natural satellite” of the Earth.